Federal sentencing is probably the least intuitive process for any lawyer, let alone a non-lawyer, to contemplate. If you watch a typical criminal sentence on a television show or even listen to the news, you quickly realize that many sentences are based upon an agreement between the prosecutor and a defense attorney.
For example, in the state of Texas, if somebody broke into a car, you could as a defense lawyer approach that prosecutor and say, “Hey, can we agree to a probation?” or “Hey, can we agree to ten days in jail as a sentence?” If the prosecutor agrees, you can take that agreement to a judge and 99 times out of 100, that’s the sentence that the client will get.
In the federal system, the prosecutor almost never has the authority to make an offer for a specific sentence. Instead, you go through this complicated United States guidelines computation to give a suggestion to the judge, who solely makes the sentencing decision. They suggest, “Well, you should get kind of this range,” and then the judge can go above or below it. The bottom line is the judge decides, and you have no idea until the day you’re sentenced — one is blinded and one certain. That is probably the easiest way to explain how sentencing in federal cases work.
We hope you found this information about sentencing in federal cases helpful. For more information on federal criminal defense, visit our federal crimes page or call us at (817) 203-2220.
Also published on Medium.